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White Tide
Date 2028 - 2033
Location United States of America, (with spillovers into Mexico and Canada)
Result US Federal Victory
  • Rebellions and Secessions crushed
  • Pretender states dissolved
  • Federal raids against extremist groups continued into mid 2030s

US flag 51stars.png United States
Flag of Canada.png Canada
Flag of Mexico (2074).png Mexico

Far-right pretender states
Christian Separatist Flag.png Sovereign Citizen's Alliance
Republic of Greater Dakota
American Redoubt
State of Liberty
Republic of Greater Idaho
State of New California
State of New Nevada
Flag of Texas.png 2nd Republic of Texas
Confederate-rebel-flag.pngNeo-Confederate Coalition
Disorganized Far-right Militants’ Remnant
Rebel Police Forces

Far-left rebel groups


US flag 51stars.png Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

1.7 million 1 million
Casualties and losses
1,540,000 456,000

The White Tide was a multi-sided insurrection in the United States fought between the forces of the Federal Government, along with domestic and foreign allies, and various domestic pretender and secessionist governments opposing both the Federal government and each other in varying combinations. The conflict began in late 2028 with the Columbus Insurrection, Ohio, and is usually deemed to have ended with the Battle of Salmon, Idaho in 2033.

After Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez won the November 2028 presidential election on an anti-racism platform, several militia coalitions stormed the state capitols of 18 states, successfully capturing the capitols of Alabama, Texas, Idaho, Ohio, and Kansas. Before the inauguration of Ocasio-Cortez, the state governments of Indiana, Nebraska, and South Dakota voted to secede from the Union and pledged loyalty to the rebel governments in Columbus and Topeka. The Federal Government responded shortly after AOC's inauguration in January of 2029 when Federal troops repelled an attack on Fort Wayne, Indiana. Additional rebel state governments arose in the following months, either joining one of the existing pretender republics or creating new one.

The conflict was primarily political and nationalistic, fueled by ethnic and religious tension. A key issue was the Ocasio-Cortez administration's open door immigration policy to attract skilled labor, and in general the United States adoption of more egalitarian social policies towards non-whites. White-nationalists wanted to expel all non-white immigrants from the US, or failing to establish a "white homeland" via political secession.


The Great Reset[]

The economic pain brought on by the economic consensus of neoliberalism which dominated American government from the late 1970s up until the Ocasio-Cortez administration resulted in a displacement of the general working class from the middle class incomes which they enjoyed. These jobs were available to those without a college education. Bipartisan agreement in favor of free trade culminated in the 1993 passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and other trade bills throughout this period. The public framing of these bills aimed to create a new, globalized economy in which jobs, goods and money could cross borders freely. The idea was that it would be better for everybody involved.

Nationalists, leftists and labor unions generally opposed these deals, as the terms were tilted too far in favor of capital and did not have sufficient regulation to account for the appeal that cheap foreign labor would have toward American business owners. These groups assumed that capital would not be able to resist offshoring these jobs, and any new jobs which would replace them would require too much education and training for the layperson.

Proponents of the free trade consensus would insist that workers need not be afraid, and that work would be available for all, but they did admit that it would be beneficial for everybody to obtain as much education as possible. They did not, however, make a college education available to all.

Some supporters of free trade, such as Joe Biden, conceded that the fears of labor were genuine, and it was necessary for economic stimulus to follow passage of NAFTA. Such stimulus did not occur. In fact, the Clinton administration would later work to end the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program, which had been in place since the New Deal.

Further deregulation occurred under the Clinton administration with the repeal of certain sections of Glass Steagall, also from the New Deal. Following these neoliberal measures, the economic condition of the working class would significantly worsen, and they would be hit hardest by economic downturns, three of which had occurred by 2020.

Many white working class voters, who held more socially conservative views but saw a vested interest in voting for left-leaning candidates, (as they had done since the New Deal) had abandoned the Democratic Party in response to these economic measures. They started voting more solidly Republican, but decided to give the Democrats one last chance in 2008, as Barack Obama ran on an economically populist platform. The ideology which dominated the Obama administration, however, ended up being simply another rehash of the kind of politics seen under Clinton. White working class rage was building, and economic catastrophe was in large part a catalyst for it. This type of pain was easy for the ill-intentioned to exploit.

Concerns over jobs, income and healthcare benefits raged on through the remainder of the 2010s, as the federal government remained committed to the economic status quo. Even under Trump, the mainline Republican Party was calling the shots, and they felt the same way about trade and regulation that Bill Clinton did (in many cases, they were even more extreme in their ideology.)

Efforts to transform the economy were unsuccessful. Even under the COVID-19 pandemic recession of 2020, the U.S. government was committed to an approach of limited intervention, one not seen in the rest of the developed world. Unemployment, hunger and general poverty spiked in 2020, leading to an even stronger sense among the public that radical change was needed. During the pandemic, millions of the unemployed would lose access to their healthcare, as the United States' economic system tied healthcare to employment. Most new working-class jobs were in the "gig economy," a sector of the larger economy that offered flexible work hours in exchange for low wages and no benefits.

In response to these ills, leftists were focused on targeting capitalism, special interest groups and the rich. Right-wing reactionaries were focused somewhat on special interest groups and wealthy elites, but were more vocally concerned about immigrants and "globalists."

Police radicalization[]

Beginning in the 2010s and intensifying in the 2020s violence by police against African Americans became an increasingly visible issue, largely due to the increased prevalence of portable cameras on cell phones. Prior to this era, police were largely able to carry out violence, up to and including the murder of African Americans, usually young men, with impunity. On May 25, 2020 George Floyd was chocked to death by Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin while four other police officers watched. The murder of Floyd, which was recorded in its entirety, sparked a national outcry and a wave of protests and riots against police brutality that would last until the early 2030s; and brought three distinct movements against police violence to the forefront of American politics:

  • Reform the Police - Called for greater oversight against police officers, ending no-knock raids, ending the training of chokeholds, and generally increasing funding to police "sensitivity training." Most historians maintain that these efforts were a complete failure, as most police departments simply refused to enforce the new regulations.
  • Defund the Police - Called for radically reducing funding towards police departments in favor of providing greater funding towards social service programs. This effort had mixed results, as many cities did not create aggressive enough social welfare programs or reclaim the military surplus weapons employed by most police departments.
  • Abolish the Police - Called for the abolition of police forces and their replacement with new, highly targeted agencies and a military-style disciplined constabulary largely unarmed and lightly armed, while also have heavily armed elements that are only deployed in the most dire situations. For most of the 2020s this movement was seen by a majority of Americans far too radical, and would not gain mainstream support until after the commencement of hostilities.

Efforts to reform the police were met with the fundamental problem that because the police were the only people with the power to enforce reforms, it was ultimately their choice whether or not to adhere to them. The willingness of police departments to adhere to reforms sharply declined after Derek Chauvin was convicted of the murder of George Floyd (the first police officer in the history of Minnesota to be convicted of killing an unarmed African American). Police Unions closed ranks against any attempt at reform, and peaceful protests calling for reform, defunding, or abolition were increasingly met with riot suppression tactics. These instances only drove cities to adopt harsher reforms, or defunding policies, which in turn drove further radicalization of former and current police officers. During this process, the Oath Keepers, saw their ranks swell to over 100,000 members by 2025, and increased vigilantism from off-duty police officers.

In 2025, following the Portland Refugee Massacre in which the Portland Police Department fired on many climate refugees and refugee-sympathized local Portlanders despite being ordered by the city's mayor to stand down, the city of Portland formally abolished its police force. This led to the 2025 Portland Police Insurrection which saw the Portland PD attempt to overthrow the Mayor. The insurrection was ultimately repelled with the help of armed citizens, the Oregon National Guard and even some defected police officers.

American Troubles[]

The Flood[]

Main article: The Flood

With the calving of the South Greenland Ice Sheet, the Federal government was forced to divert resources and political attention away from combatting extremist groups and seek political cooperation with many right-wing politicians. In the lead up to the sheet's loss, popular perception was one of renewed bipartisanship, however extremist politicians only doubled down on their rhetoric. There was a fear that the purported temporary resettlement of refugees were little more than an attempt by the coastal cities to "colonize the heartland," and many far-right leaders claimed the calving was a hoax even after the initial wave of flooding made landfall on the eastern seaboard.

Most domestic climate refugees were temporarily resettled to camps in their home states, or simply returned to their families out of state. The greatest exception to this was the Warren Camp in Ohio, which serviced the populations from New Jersey, Maryland, and Delaware that could not be resettled in New York or Pennsylvania. The strongest opposition to resettlement actually came from states that had the smallest number of climate refugees.

Elections of 2028[]

Main article: United States presidential election, 2028

The displacement of tens of millions of refugees from the coasts of the country, regions predominantly more leftist than the interior, caused a political crisis as many right-leaning states found themselves with an surge of voters who tipped the scales in favor of Progressive candidates. Patriot Party voters in these states found the results of these elections unacceptable and almost universally cried fraud. The most visible example of this was with the Gubernatorial elections in Ohio and the Presidential Election which saw Alexandria-Ocasio Cortez not only sweep the Midwest which in the previous election had nearly gone to the Patriot party, but also put a Progressive in the Ohio statehouse.

Outbreak of the War[]

Columbus Insurrection[]

The progressive takeover of the Ohio state government in the elections of 2028 was branded by many Republicans in and out of the state as fraudulent, usually claiming that climate refugees in eastern Ohio were not legal residents of the state and therefore not legal voters. As votes were still being counted in some of the closer races on November 10th, a lose collection of militia groups stormed county registrars offices and the state capitol with the intent of purging the government of leftist politicians. As the rebels approached the doors of the statehouse, fighting broke out between Republican and Democratic members of the state legislature as Democrats and Progressives attempted to stop Republicans from opening the doors to the capitol. As the rioters entered the chamber loyalist representatives attempted to flee with many being gunned down by the rebels.

With the speaker of the Ohio House of Representatives and various Republican politicians standing beside them, the rebels declared Ohio as the territory of the Sovereign Citizen’s Alliance and no longer under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government. The Governor of Ohio, a Republican, blamed "both sides" for the attack and denied any offerings of aid from the Harris administration. President Harris proceeded to federalize the Ohio national guard over the objections of the governor and deployed a division to retake the statehouse. The Governor condemned "Washington meddling" but did not attempt to counter the orders of the President.

While early estimates put the recapture of Columbus in a matter of days, attacks from domestic terrorists and fighting with units of militia slowed the National Guard's advance and Columbus was not retaken until November 22nd. The following day, Thanksgiving, President Harris proclaimed a national day of thanksgiving for the preservation of the Union.

Fall of Montgomery[]

While the Harris administration attempted to calm the public and treat Columbus as an isolated event, rebel groups across the country were rallying for further attacks. Echoing the declaration of the SCA by the Columbus rebels, several Neo-Confederate militia groups in Alabama publicly declared the formation of a new Confederacy, calling other like-minded groups to “rise up and freed themselves from the yoke of the anti-American communist tyranny that has took over Washington”, before marching on the Montgomery statehouse. Unlike in Columbus, Democratic representatives fled the state capitol building before the march even began and called on the President to send the National Guard to protect the people of Montgomery, the overwhelming majority of whom were not white. The march on Montgomery began far more orderly than the chaotic attack on Columbus, with rebels marching in formation and the state government openly welcoming their arrival. Counter protestors and left wing militia groups eventually obstructed the rebels path and reports of shots fired immediately followed. Police largely joined the rebels in firing on the left wing militants, and by the time the rebels had reached the statehouse steps riots had broken out across the city. The Governor of Alabama openly joined the rebels to declare Alabama in rebellion and immediately conscripted the national guard, state troopers, militiamen and all state police officers as officers in the State Defense Force and authorized them to put down the Montgomery "rebellion" by any means necessary.

Following the governor's orders, the State Defense Force carried out the brutal suppression of dissent in Alabama and across the state. Most of the Alabama National Guard remained loyal to the Federal Government, but were largely repelled during attempts to retake the state capitol.

Inauguration Day[]

By the 61st Inauguration Day ceremonies, Congress had still not voted to expel the remaining Republicans from the House of Representative or the Senate. It was believed that the two insurrections were isolated events, and the country was largely loyal to the Federal Government. This assumption was destroyed when members of the SCA staged an attack on Springfield's southern garrison and broke through to the city at large. President Harris and still President-elect Ocasio-Cortez were evacuated to Lincoln Airport, however Ocasio-Cortez refused to leave the provisional capitol. The siege was suppressed with 53 casualties on the Federal side, however after the discovery that several of the attackers were residents of Springfield, Congress finally voted to expel the Republican party from Congress and brand it a terrorist organization.

Naval Tactics[]

By early 2029, Admiral Doreen Miller had drafted a plan to starve the rebel states of trade and retake key ports. Ocasio-Cortez approved the plan, but was initially unwilling to adopt Miller's proposed use of a fleet of rivegoing drone ships.

In April 2029, Ocasio-Cortez announced the Federal blockade of all rebel ports, and a no-fly zone over the country. However, as the United States functionally had no small craft suitable for riverborne patrols, interstate trade via the Mississippi and even in the intercoastal waterway continued. Only in the Great Lakes could cruisers and destroyers operate to retake the ports of Toledo and secure Detroit. By July, Ocasio-Cortez approved Miller's proposal and greenlit the construction of some 300 drone ships that could patrol the Mississippi and close shore waterways.

Rise of the drone navy[]

By May 2030 Federal naval yards had exceeded the initial order for 300 drone ships and were now building to meet demands for over 1000 such vessels. Crewed vessels were increasingly being cancelled in favor of highly effective uncrewed warships. Three classes would define the war:

  • Memphis-class patrol boat
  • Langley-class light carrier
  • Monitor-class arsenal boat

Initially, the manufacture of drone vessels was limited to coastal ship yards, however, the US Navy diversified its manufacturers to small shops in the Great lakes and riverside towns in green territory. Due to the small size of these vessels (often classified as boats because they were intended to rendezvous and be stored aboard larger crewed ships), they could patrol deep into the American heartland where no crewed ships could. The basis of their designs, particularly that of the Memphis-class patrol boat, would go on to influence the design of modern riverborne freight vessels that moved the heads of navigation deeper inland than was possible before.

Midwestern Theater[]

The Midwestern Theater refers to the military operations around the Great Lakes, including the states of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. The Midwest was considered by AOC and the Joint Chiefs of Staff as the highest priority region of the war, as it held the provisional capitol, the bulk of American refugees, some of the only ports to survive the Flood, and the manufacturing and agriculture logistics that would be essential to prosecuting the war and restoring the economy.

Cleveland Landings[]

After the Columbus Insurrection had been repelled, a corridor of SCA activity remained in Northern Ohio through Indiana and Eastern Illinois. Cleveland represented a critical port to land troops returning from overseas garrisons. US Marines landed at Cleveland to relieve Ohio National Guard forces and were soon reinforced with US Army Rangers, many of whom were veterans from the War on Terror. These troops quickly broke the siege of Cleveland before forces from Columbus joined up with them after capturing the remaining stragglers at Akron. With these two visible victories behind them, both divisions advanced west across the north shore to Toledo. By which point the bulk of all SCA forces had retreated to Indiana.

Fall of Indianapolis[]

Mass suicides[]

On 6 October 2030, the SCA and Neo-Confederates coordinated to make a last attempt on the Midwestern Theater by using most of its remaining forces to launch a counter-offensive on Springfield Plain to split Federal forces off from the Great Plains and capture the provisional capitol of Springfield, Illinois. By the 2030 midterm elections, the offensive had been repulsed and Federal forces finally captured Des Moines. In the mountain west Federal forces remained stalemated with the Redoubtists and the Idahoan rebels. In mid-December 2030, the Canadians joined from the North with an American southern push into the Dakotas, overrunning the last of the rebel forces in the north.

During the final weeks of Midwestern and Southern Theaters, many rebel civilians, politicians and military personnel committed suicide. In addition to many rebel leaders others chose suicide rather than accept defeat. Motivating factors included fear of reprisals, especially from non-whites, rebel propaganda and church sermons that advocated suicide as a forgivable sin if done to call down some form of divine retribution, and general despondence. As Federal forces approached Des Moines, up to 11,000 people killed themselves, as many of 3,000 in a single mass-suicide at the largest megachurch in Iowa.

Three distinct periods of suicides have been identified between November 2030 and February 2031 when thousands of rebels took their own lives. The Associated Press reported that: "As the last major Rebel holdouts fall back into Federal control, the staggering realization of defeat was too much for many rebels. Stripped of the megaphone and arms that gave them power, like the Nazis that came before them 'they could not face a reckoning with either their conquerors or their consciences'." The American Psychiatric Association, in an evaluation of the mentality of the rebels conducted shortly after the war, noted that the mass-suicide of Nazis at the end of the Second World War was the only comparable instance of such politically motivated mass-suicide.

Pacific Coast Theater[]

The Pacific Coast Theater refers to the military operations in the Western Seaboard, including the states of California, Oregon, and Washington. Due to the close proximity of the rebel groups to each other and the urban-rural divide, the Pacific Coast saw one of the heaviest fightings in the war, with the loyalist coastal urban areas and numbers of also loyalist rural areas in the interiors endured constant attacks and sieges from the secessionist parts of the rural interiors.

Siege of Portland[]

Police uprisings[]

Battle of Los Angeles[]

Battle of the Bay Area[]

Battle of Seattle[]

The Seattle city council abolished its police force almost immediately after the first uprisings had occurred out of state, but this did little to stop the city's police from turning against the government. The city council was deposed on August 5th and replaced by a police junta. For the next seven days, Greater Seattle was beset with riots, initially compared to the 1999 WTO protests, but quickly became far more violent as the loyalist citizens organized and waged a brutal urban guerrilla war against the junta, resulted in armed battles consuming the streets, buildings, and city blocks of the Greater Seattle. The battle ceased and the city government restored only after the National Guard intervened.

Battle of the Central Valley[]

Fall of Jefferson[]

Southern Theater[]

The Southern Theater refers to the military operations in the South and the Gulf Coast, including the states of Alabama, Texas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Georgia, Florida, Kentucky, and South Carolina. The South saw many notable naval actions there as the US Navy deployed the Second Fleet to blockaded rebel ports, cut off its trading powers while also try to retake important key cities in order to push inland. One of the most famous military actions was in New Orleans, where federal forces regained controls over the important port city and pushed into the river and the entire Mississippi Basin using riverborne drone vessels, gaining near total naval superiority over the rebels.

Battle of New Orleans[]

Liberation of Austin[]

Mountain West Theater[]

The Mountain West Theater refers to the military operations along the Rockies, including the states of Nevada, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, and New Mexico. The Mountain West saw one of, if not, the heaviest and the most brutal fighting in the war because of the field advantages and the rebel’s organization. Before the war, there are already many growing state-separatist movements in sparsely populated regions of the mountain states. Coupled with the close proximity of these secessionist groups and pretender states to each other, as well as their usage of guerrilla war while being shielded by the Rockies, they, along with the rebels in the Pacific Coast, have managed to mounted the most effective rebellion campaign more than any other rebel forces elsewhere in the country.

Siege of Reno[]

Battle of Las Vegas[]

Operation Mountain Hammer[]

While the majority of the country had been secured and the rebel militaries crushed, the Redoubtists and the Idahoan rebels remained active and well provisioned. The Ocasio-Cortez administration in 2031 authorized a sustained air campaign against the Redoubtists and Idahoan secessionists while armored special forces units were deployed to root out the most heavily entrenched rebels. From 2031 to 2033 the Air Force and Army dropped nearly half a million kilograms of ordinance on the northern Rockies, the bulk being in the Idaho panhandle.

Battle of Salmon[]

In 2033, the town of Salmon, Idaho remained the last holdout of white nationalist rebels on the continent. The town had been subjected to years worth of bombings leaving no structures standing, and most of the civilian population had fled. Still the rebels held the town by destroying mountain passes and spending most of their time in heavily fortified bunkers. By 2033, their provisions were running low and only a 156 insurgents remained active. The US Army deployed the 81st Armored Regiment and the 75th Ranger Regiment’s armored corps to take the town with support from units of the 17th Field Artillery Brigade. The Battle of Salmon lasted 19 hours and concluded with the deaths of all 156 known insurgents in the town. Upon the capture of Salmon, President Ocasio-Cortez declared a formal victory in an address to the nation.


The town of Salmon Idaho was abandoned save for a small memorial marking the end of hostilities. The Federal Government occupied much of the midwest for the remainder of the 2030s and suspended the Posse Comitatus Act in order to directly enforce civil rights. Institutional racism was expunged from government at every level over the 2030s, while refugees and new immigrant groups were directly settled in the occupied states to drown out the remaining political influence of white supremacists. Several wartime and post-war constitutional amendments worked to expand voting rights and the government's power to enforce those rights, while new laws and court decisions curtailed gun rights. Prior to the war there were over 400 million firearms in civilian hands. Post-war the number was less than 100 million, largely due to capturing the arms of rebel troops and their stockpiles and the National Firearm Licensing Act.


Genocide, concentration camps, and slave labor[]

The rebel states were responsible for series of human rights abuses and crimes against humanity that ranged from suppression of basic freedoms to acts of genocide. Prior to the war, many of the states that would come under rebel control passed increasingly draconian laws against voting rights and against queer youth, particularly trans youth and their parents, many of whom were forcibly separated prior to the war. During the conflict, many of these states rounded up trans people into concentration camps either to be held as prisoners, used as slave labor, forcibly given hormone therapy to "correct their gender," and near the end of the war outright killed in mass executions. The worst perpetrators of these crimes were the Sovereign Citizens' Alliance, who by the end of the war had perpetrated the industrialized murder of some 700,000 LGBTQIA, non-Christian, and non-white citizens. All told, a total of 1.5 million Americans were killed by the various pretender governments and separatist states, while 4 million people were forced into slave labor or concentration camps of some kind, including many POWs and refugees. Such atrocities and countless of acts of injustice have further inflamed the already immense hatred of many Americans toward many conservatives and the far-right to the boiling point as the war began, one that has been built over the years since 2016 and especially during the 2020s since the 2021 Capitol Riot, when increasing reactionary attitudes are demonstrated by the right in general. During and after the war has saw many act of vengeance against many Republicans who people held as the enablers of the years-long crisis, and the centrist neoliberal conservative Democrats who is complacent and out-out-touch with the matters, as well as against other conservatives, libertarians, fascists, conservative Christians and their organizations, being treats with contempt at best and revenge killing at worse. In fact, the relatively large surge in domestic enlistment that continuously swells the ranks of the military, as well as the increase in leftist, loyalist militias before and during the years of war has been considered to be the result of vindictive attitudes from liberals and progressives. In the many interviews conducted by the Associated Press, it was revealed that many militia fighters and military service-members have friends or loved one that are non-whites, non-Christians, LGBTQIAs, oppositional and loyalist liberals or progressives, and so on, or they just despise the injustice while having no close connections to the people that have either been massacred or not. But there is also a notable amount of soldiers who were actually victims that managed to escape into federal and loyalist territories, making the war a very personal thing to many. This kind of anger has been compared and considered to be even far eclipsed the one seen after 9/11, with many going so far as to compared them to hatred against Germans and Japanese by the Allies during and after World War II.

Human displacement[]

During the war, over 50 million people were displaced from their homes that had not prior been displaced by the Flood.